DUDHWA TIGER RESERVE

     

 Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur Kheri District, and has buffer of reserved forest areas on the northern and southern sides. It represents one of the few remaining examples of a highly diverse and productive Terai ecosystem, supporting a large number of endangered species, obligate species of tall wet grasslands and species of restricted distribution.

 

HISTORY
The area was established in 1958 as a wildlife sanctuary for swamp dear. The area was notified as a national park IN January 1997. In 1987 the park war declared a tiger reserve.

 

Wildlife in Dudhwa National Park
The Dudhwa National Park is spread over 490sq km along with a buffer area of over 100 Sq km. Besides massive grassland and swamps, Dudhwa National Park is home to one of the finest Sal (Shorea robusta) forests in India. Some of these trees are more than 150 years old and over 70 feet tall. In 1976, the park had a population of 50 tigers, 41 elephants and 76 bears apart from five species of deer, more than 400 species of birds, crocodiles and some other species of mammals and reptiles. Dudwa National Park is a stronghold of the barasingha/ swamp deer, which can be spotted in herds of hundreds. India is the only country where this species of deer is found. It is interesting to note that around half of the total Barasinghas on the Earth are present in Dudhwa National Park. Smaller than the sambar, the barasinghas have 12 antlers that collectively measure up to 100 cm. A full-grown stag can weigh as much as 180 kg and measure 135cm. The coat of the animal is slightly woolly, dark brown to pale yellow, adapted perfectly to camouflage in the tall grasses of the area. 
During the winter season the swamps of Dudhwa echo with the frequent wallowing of rutting stags. This is also the time for mock fights that entail stiff postures and shrill calls rather than the actual locking of the horns. With the onset of spring the herd gets ready to welcome the newborn fawns. With the passage of winter the Barasinghas shed the woolly coats. During this point of time the fights amongst the male Barasinghas are minimal.

Tiger is another major attraction of the Dudhwa National Park. There was once such a time when Dudhwa was severely affected by man-eating tigers for which the structure of the Park was held responsible. Dudhwa is probably the only Park that doesn't have adequate buffer area to support the main wild/ Park. This is bound to create conflicts between human beings and animals. 

Besides the abovementioned animals, the avian life at Dudhwa is a delight for any avid bird watcher. The marshland of Dudhwa national park is home to around 400 species of resident and migratory birds that include the Swamp Partridge, Bengal Florican, Great Slaty Woodpecker, plenty of painted storks, owls, barbets, woodpeckers, sarus cranes, minivets etc. It is to be noted that much of Dudhwa's avian fauna is aquatic in nature and found around lakes.

The major vegetation types in and around Dudhwa National Park are tropical semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist deciduous forest, riparian and swamp and dry deciduous forest. The dominant tree species are Shorea robusta, Eugenia jambolana, Terminalis tomentosa, Terminalia belerica, Adina cordifolia, Dalbergia sissoo, and Bombax malabaricum. Stretches of mesophyllous grasslands, locally called the phantasm, interrupt the forests at many points in the National Park.
Safaris in Dudhwa National Park 
You can hire Jeeps and mini buses to move around inside the Dudhwa National Park. Besides the Jeeps and mini buses you can also enjoy.

 

Tourists Attractions

The grasslands of the reserve are the habitat of the largest kind of Indian deer-the swamp deer or the Barasingha, called thus because of their magnificent antlers (bara-twelve; singha-antler). Decline in their habitats led to a drastic decline in numbers and a small area named Sonaripur Sanctuary was set aside in 1958 for the conservation of this rare species of deer. Later, it was upgraded to cover an area of 212 sq km and was renamed the Dudhwa Sanctuary. In 1977, the area was further extended to include over 614 sq km and was declared a national park. Eleven years later, in 1988, when Dudhwa became a part of Project Tiger, the area of the Kishanpur Sanctuary was added to create the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. About 1,800 Barasingha live in the reserve now and their majestic herds are often seen, especially in the grassy wetlands of the Sathania and Kakraha blocks.

Apart from the swamp deer, there are at least 37 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and 400 species of avifauna. Dudhwa is said to have 101 tigers and four leopards. Recently, the hispid hare has also been sighted from this area.

It was here in 1984 that a major rhinoceros rehabilitation project was started since these forests had been the habitat of the rhinoceros 150 years ago. Five rhinos were relocated from Assam but two of the females died due to the strains of transportation. These were replaced in 1985 by four more females from Nepal.

The Terai area in the sub Himalayan belt, which holds an extremely dynamic habitat for a wide range of animal communities, has some uniqueness and serves the humanity in the plains, down south, in many ways.

The major vegetation types in this region are tropical semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist deciduous forest, riparian and swamp forest and dry deciduous forest. The dominant tree species are Shorea robusta, Terminalis tomentosa, Adina cordifolia, Terminalia belerica, Eugenia jambolana, Dalbergia sissoo, and Bombax malabaricum. The various types of forests throughout the park are interrupted by wide stretches of mesophyllous grasslands locally called the phantas.

Best time to visit Dudhwa National Park

The best time to visit Dudhwa National Park is between November and May. The park remains open to public from November to June, though the months of May and June are a little too hot for comfort. While visiting the Park during winter you must remember to take woolen clothes as it can get pretty chilly, particularly between December to February.


HOW  TO REACH

Air : Lucknow is the most convenient airport. Indian Airlines operates a number of flights to Lucknow from major cities across the country.

Rail : The nearest railheads are Dudhwa (4 kms), Palia (10 kms) and Mailani (37 kms), however the most convenient way would be to travel to Lucknow and hit the road or take a train to any of the nearer stations from there.

Road : The State Roadways buses and private bus services link Palia to Lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly and Delhi. Buses are frequent between Palia and Dudhwa. Start your journey of India from Dudhwa, it is advisable to travel to the Nepal airport and take one of the number of transport means available from there. To travel by road from Delhi, take the NH24 to Shahjahanpur via Ghaziabad, Moradabad, Rampur and Bareilly. A district road from here will take you to Dudhwa via Pawayan, Kutar, Mailani, Bhira and Palia. 

TOUR PACKAGE FOR DUDHWA NATIONAL PARK

 

DAY 01: Arrive Palia Kalan - Transfer to wildlife Resort

Our services start with your arrival at Palia Kalan. Meet & greet by our office representative and transfer to wildlife resort. Check in the hotel and fresh n up and ready for, go to Dudhwa museum or Dudhwa Safari. In evening come back to resort; enjoy recreational facilities in resort premises. Tonight, meet your tour leader who will brief you about whole excursion. Have dinner on time and overnight in the wildlife resort.


DAY 02: Enjoy Jungle Safari & Sightseeing
A knock on your doors signals the start of your day with hot cup of tea to warm you up before morning game drive. Get ready for the open jeep safari which is booked for you in advance. We enter the core area of Dudhwa National Park in search of Dudhwa's remarkable wildlife which includes over 72 to 80 Royal Bengal tigers as well as many mammals plus an astonishing variety of birdlife. The three hours game drive will take through a pristine wilderness area with some of the great sightings of wildlife. After you finish safari come back to resort and take breakfast. After breakfast, check out from resort on time and transfer to onward destination.

 

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DUDHWA SAFARI TOUR

 

DESTINATION: 07 NIGHT AND 08 DAYS


Day 1. Arrive Delhi 

Full day sightseeing tour of Old and New Delhi including visits to Raj Ghat- the cremation ground of Mahatma Gandhi (the Father of Nation), Red Fort, Jama Masjid (universal mosque) Humayun's Tomb, India Gate and the fabled Chandni Chowk (the Silver Street). Overnight at Hotel. 

Day 2. Delhi - Corbett National Park
Morning drive to Corbett National Park located on the bank of the river Ram Ganga on the foothills of the Himalayas. Check in at the hotel. Overnight at Hotel.

Day 3. Corbett National Park
Morning and afternoon excursions in the wildlife park with one of the excursions on elephant back. Check in at the hotel. Overnight at Hotel. 

 

Day 4. Corbett National Park - Dudhwa National Park

Morning depart from Corbett National Park for Dudhwa National Park. Another sub-Himalayan jungle with many Swamp Deer, Tigers and a variety of birds. On arrival check-in at the forest lodge. Overnight at Hotel.

Day 5. Dudhwa National Park
Morning and afternoon excursions in the wildlife park Overnight at Hotel. 

Day 6. Dudhwa National Park - Lucknow
Drive to Lucknow and check in the hotel. Rest of the day leisure. Overnight at Hotel.

Day 7. Lucknow
Full day city tour of Lucknow visiting the Chota and Bada Imam Bara (with one of the largest vaunted halls of the world), La Martiniere school. Evening ride a tonga, horse drawn carriage through the Meena bazar. Overnight at Hotel.

 

Day 8 Lucknow to Delhi for your onward destination.

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